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Nepal

 

TOUCH Ireland has three projects in Nepal

TOUCH House 

TOUCH Ghar  

TOUCH Health Centre 

NEPAL

Nepal officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People’s Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 30 million, Nepal is the world’s 93rd largest country by land mass[7] and the 41st most populous country. Kathmandu is the nation’s capital and the country’s largest metropolis. Kathmandu Valley itself has estimated population of 5 million.

Poverty in Nepal

Despite some progress in poverty reduction in recent years, Nepal remains one of the world’s poorest nations, with a Human Development Index of 0.458 placing it 157th out of 187 countries. Poverty in Nepal is a deeply entrenched and complex phenomenon. Over 30 per cent of Nepalese live below the poverty line of US$12 per person/per month. Notwithstanding declining rates of urban poverty, the problem remains widespread, with indicators suggesting a rise in rural poverty.

About 80 per cent of Nepal’s people live in rural areas and depend on subsistence farming for their livelihoods. Household food security and poor nutrition are still major concerns in rural areas, where 48 per cent of children under 5 years of age are malnourished. Most rural households have little or no access to basic social services such as primary health care, education, safe water and sanitation services.

Poor families are often obliged to send their children to work rather than to school, perpetuating the cycle of poverty into the next generation. An estimated one quarter of children in Nepal are engaged in some kind of family or wage labour.

In Nepal, not all children have the luxury of attending school. From primary school age, they are often considered old enough to work and to help support their family. Girls, not considered to be of intellectual value, are often entirely denied the benefits of an education. Trafficking in women and child labor remain serious problems. Discrimination against women and lower castes is prevalent.

In Nepal, many children suffer from malnutrition and disease, which affects their health for the rest of their lives. Intervention in early childhood through education supports building the strong foundation these children need for later life and educates their parents on the emotional, nutritional, and educational needs of their children.

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